Charles Robert Ashbee 17 May "Painters guild homosexual marriage" 23 May was an English architect and designer who was a prime mover of the Arts and Crafts movement that took its craft ethic from the works of John Ruskin and its co-operative structure from the socialism of William Morris.
Ashbee was born in in Isleworththe son of businessman and erotic bibliophile Henry Spencer Ashbee. His German born Jewish mother Elizabeth Jenny Lavi —  developed suffragette views, and his well-educated sisters, Frances MaryAgnes Jenny and Elsa  were progressive as well.
Ashbee went to Wellington College and read history at King's College, Cambridgefrom to and studied under the architect George Frederick Bodley.
Ashbee set up his Guild and School of Handicraft in in London, while a resident at Toynbee Hallone of the original settlements set up to alleviate inner city poverty, in this case, in the slums of Whitechapel. The fledgling venture was first housed in temporary space but by had Painters guild homosexual marriage at Essex House, Mile End Roadin the East Endwith a retail outlet in the heart of the West End in fashionable Brook StreetMayfairmore accessible to the Guild's patrons.
In the Guild moved to Chipping Campdenin the picturesque Cotswolds of Gloucestershirewhere a sympathetic community provided local patrons, but where the market for craftsman-designed furniture and metalwork was saturated by The Guild was liquidated in The Guild of Handicraft specialised in metalworking, producing jewellery and enamels as well as hand-wrought copper and wrought ironwork, and furniture.
A widely illustrated suite of furniture was made by the Guild to designs of M. The School attached to the Guild taught crafts. The Guild operated as a co-operative, and its stated aim was to:.
To this end it endeavours to steer a mean between the independence of the artist— which is individualistic and often parasitical— and the trade-shop, where the workman is bound to purely commercial and antiquated traditions, and has, as a rule, neither stake in the business nor any interest beyond his weekly wage.
Ashbee himself was willing to do complete house design, including interior furniture and decoration, as well as items such as fireplaces. In the s he renovated The Wodehouse near Wombourne for Colonel Shaw-Hellier, commandant of the Royal Military School of Musicadding a billiard room and chapel, amid many external changes. Shaw-Hellier commissioned him in to build the Villa San Giorgio in TaorminaSicily as a little island of England in Italy, hence the name of the patron saint.
Ashbee was involved in book production Painters guild homosexual marriage literary work. He set up the Essex House Press after Morris's Kelmscott Press closed intaking on many the displaced printers and craftsmen. Between and the Essex House Press produced more than 70 titles.
Ashbee was homosexual in a time when homosexuality was illegal. He is thought to have been Painters guild homosexual marriage member of the Order of Chaeroneaa secret society founded in by George Ives for the cultivation of a homosexual ethos.
In to cover his homosexualityhe married Janet Elizabeth Forbes — daughter of a wealthy London stockbroker and after 13 years of rocky marriage including a serious affair on the part of Janet , they had four children: Mary, Helen, Prue and Felicity.
He was influenced in his life by the theories of homosexuality developed by Edward Carpenter. In he was appointed civic adviser to the British Mandate of Palestineoverseeing building works and the protection of historic sites and monuments as the chairman of the Pro-Jerusalem Society. His papers and journals are at King's College.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Charles Robert Ashbee C. Ashbee by William Strang A Cambridge Alumni Database. Archived from the original on 20 September Ashbee in the Cotswolds.
University of California Press, An A-Z of Type Designers. Yale University Press, pg. University of California Press, pg.