Search Search this site: The Complete Poetry and Music, Volume 1: Hilaire and Raynaud, eds. All translations in Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance volume are mine unless otherwise noted. Hilairie and Raynaud, eds. The Complete Poetry and Music. See Volume 6 of Guillaume de Machaut: The Lyrics I of Guillaume de Machaut: Guillaume de Machaut AuthorR. And so you are highly honored For all your works quite honorably Are received by everyone in many a foreign land Guillaume, the great lords hold you dear And take pleasure in what you write.
We may safely conclude from such evidence that Guillaume de Machaut was one of the most famous and influential poets of fourteenth-century France.
As a musician, he wrote more than twenty motets and a polyphonic setting of the mass, the virtuosity and innovations of which have made him one of the most important figures of medieval music. In fact, Machaut was largely responsible for the continuing fashion of this type of poetry. These poems, partly because of their love motifs and partly through what appears to be contemporary allusions, greatly pleased the noble audiences for whom they were originally intended.
The considerable number of surviving manuscripts, Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance beautifully illuminated, testifies eloquently to this popularity.
His dits exerted a substantial influence on other contemporary writers and some of the generation to follow, especially Deschamps, Oton de Granson, Jean Froissart, Christine de Pizan, and John Gower. A third text, the Lay de Plour Lay of Weepingwhich is not narrative but lyric in form and set to music, is linked textually to the two debate poems and is thus included in this edition. From documents which detail his appointment to different benefices, it can be inferred that Machaut was born at the beginning of the fourteenth century, probably in the village of Machault in Champagne.
Since the same documents fail to accord him any of the titles which would indicate noble birth, we may assume he was not well born. This social status is consistent with the self-portrait Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance emerges from the poetry in which Machaut often makes his diegetic alter ego a humble or even cowardly clerk who moves uncertainly among his betters, the butt of mild class humor. The "Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance" passage from his Fonteinne amoureuse Fountain of Love is especially revealing: Here a poet named Guillaume de Machaut encounters a beautiful and distinguished lady while hunting rabbits.
Starting to dismount, Guillaume is dissuaded from such an unmannerly act of obeisance by the lady herself. Returning her greeting, the poet confides to his readers that he has learned well how to honor those of such higher station than himself lines — But it also might mean nothing at all, for such a title is a common honorific. Machaut, however, did not go on to take holy orders, it can be assumed, since he is nowhere referred to as a priest and only served in offices like the canonicate which were open to those outside the priesthood.
Having secured a patron or a benefice, they might then return to the university to finish studies for the doctorate degree.
Through circumstances no longer known, Machaut became associated, while in his early twenties, with one of the most notable grand nobles of the era, Jean de Luxembourg, the king of Bohemia.
To the modern historian, Jean appears an extravagant and perhaps unstable figure. Although he was so willing to provide information about his early association with Jean, Machaut offers few indications about any experiences with the king after This may mean two things.
During his association with Jean, Machaut established a reputation as a writer with musical and, especially, poetical works. Evidence suggests that three of his longer dits were certainly composed and circulated prior to Jean had secured him an appointment as a canon at Reims cathedral, but he apparently did not take up residence there until much later in life.
In time, Machaut was provided with other ecclesiastical benefices, but these did not allow him to live in the rich state to which Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance had become accustomed while serving the King of Bohemia. But in the highest social circles of fourteenth-century France a noted poet was a highly desirable acquisition; Machaut did not spend much time without appropriate benefactors.
It is likely that this means he was associated with Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance provincial court of Jean and Bonne in Normandy. In any case, the association with Bonne was short-lived since Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance died on 11 Septemberpresumably of the plague which at that time was sweeping across northern France.
Possibly resident in the kingdom of Navarre, Machaut recounts his melancholic reactions to the outbreak of the disease, foretold by astrological and political signs. Having made a good confession, the poet closes himself up inside his house and stops going to town a move that may well have saved his life. He describes the various events that attended the attack of the disease: The disease at an end, Guillaume finds himself re-entering an unnamed but festive city, tired of burying its dead.
The remainder of this work is fictive, a love debate that continues, in a complicated fashion, the one begun a number of years earlier in the Behaingne. Most likely in Normandy or in Paris, where Charles spent most of his early life.
Jeanne was the daughter of Louis X of France and thus passed to Charles, through the female line, Guillaume luxembourg homosexual advance direct connection to the royal house.
Having a claim on the throne perhaps as good as that of the Valois, Charles inevitably attempted to press the merits of his case or, at least, increase his domains at the expense of his more fortunate rivals.