Stencilling produces an image or pattern by applying pigment to a surface over an intermediate object with designed gaps in it which create the pattern or image by only allowing the pigment to reach some parts of the surface. The stencil is both the resulting image or pattern and the intermediate object; the context in which stencil is used makes clear which meaning is intended.
In practice, the object stencil is usually a thin sheet Plantillas estarcido online dating material, such as paper, plastic, wood or metal, with letters or a design cut from it, used to produce the letters or design on an underlying surface by applying pigment through the cut-out holes in Plantillas estarcido online dating material.
The key advantage of a stencil is that it can be reused to repeatedly and rapidly produce the same letters or design. Although aerosol or painting stencils can be made for one-time use, typically they are made with the intention of being reused. To be reusable, they must remain intact after a design is produced and the stencil is removed from the work surface.
With some designs, this is done by connecting stencil islands sections of material that are Plantillas estarcido online dating cut-out "holes" in the stencil to other parts of the stencil with bridges narrow sections of material that are not cut out. Stencil technique in visual art is also referred to as pochoir.
A related technique which has found applicability in some surrealist compositions is aerographyin which spray-painting is done around a three-dimensional object to create a negative of the object instead of a positive of a stencil design. This technique was used in cave paintings dating to 10, BC, where human hands were used in painting handprint outlines among paintings of animals and other objects.
The artist sprayed pigment around his hand by using a hollow bone, blown by mouth to direct a stream of pigment.
Screen printing also uses a stencil process, as does mimeography. The masters from which mimeographed pages are printed are often called "stencils". Stencils can be made with one or many colour layers using different techniques, with most stencils designed to be applied as solid colours. During screen printing and mimeography, the images for stenciling are broken down into color layers. Multiple layers of stencils are used on the same surface to produce multi-colored images.
Hand stencilsmade by blowing pigment over a hand held against a wall, are found from over 35, years Plantillas estarcido online dating in Asia and Europe, and later prehistoric dates in other continents. Stencils may have been used to color cloth for a very long time; the technique probably reached its peak of sophistication in Katazome and other techniques Plantillas estarcido online dating on silks for clothes during the Edo period in Japan.
In Europe, from about they were commonly used to color old master prints printed in black and white, usually woodcuts. Low wages contributed to the popularity of the highly labor-intensive process. In the pochoir process, a print with the outlines of the design was produced, and a series of stencils were used through which areas of color were applied by hand to the page.
To produce detail, a collotype could be produced which the colors were then stenciled over. Aerosol stencils have many practical applications and the stencil concept is used frequently in industrial, commercial, artistic, residential and recreational settings, as well as by the military, government and infrastructure management.
"Plantillas estarcido online dating" template is used to create an outline of the image. Stencils templates can be made from any material which will hold its form, ranging from plain paper, cardboard, plastic sheets, metals, and wood. Stencils are frequently used by official organizations, including the military, utility companies, and governments, to quickly and clearly label objects, vehicles, and locations.
Stencils for an official application can be customized, or purchased as individual letters, numbers, and symbols. This allows the user to arrange words, phrases and other labels from one set of templates, unique to the item being labeled. When objects are labeled using a single template alphabet, it makes it easier to identify their affiliation or source. Stencils have also become popular for graffitisince stencil art using spray-paint can be produced quickly and easily.
These qualities are for graffiti artists where graffiti is illegal or quasi-legal, depending on the city and stenciling surface.
The extensive lettering possible with stencils makes it especially attractive to political artists. For example, the anarcho-punk band Crass used stencils of anti-waranarchistfeminist and anti-consumerist messages in a long-term graffiti campaign around the London Underground system and on advertising billboards.
There has been a semi-recent trend in making multi-layered stencils with different shades of grey for each layer creating a more detailed stenciled image. Stencils are usually applied in the home with a paint or roller brush along wall borders and as trim.