Quid pro quo "something for something" in Latin  is a Latin phrase used in English to mean an exchange of goods or services, in which one transfer is contingent upon the other; "a favour for a favour".
Phrases with similar meanings include: In common lawquid pro quo indicates that an item or a service has been traded in return for something of value, usually when the propriety or equity of the transaction is in question. A contract must involve consideration: For example, when buying an item of clothing or a gallon of milk, a pre-determined amount of money is exchanged for the product the customer is purchasing; therefore, they have received something but have given up something of equal value in return.
In the United States, if the exchange appears excessively one sided, courts in some jurisdictions may question whether a quid pro quo did actually exist and the contract may be held void.
In cases of "Quid Pro Quo" business contracts, the term takes on a negative connotation because major corporations often cross ethical boundaries in order to enter into these very valuable, mutually beneficial, agreements with other major big businesses. In these deals, large sums of money are often at play and can consequently lead "Gopro 2 types of sexual harassment" promises of exclusive partnerships indefinitely or promises of distortion of economic reports, for example.
Such conduct becomes bribery only when there is an identifiable exchange between the contribution and official acts, previous or subsequent, and the term quid pro quo denotes such an exchange. In United States labor lawworkplace sexual harassment can take two forms; either "Quid pro quo" harassment or hostile work environment harassment.
Only supervisors who have the authority to make tangible employment actions i.
Co-workers and non-decision making supervisors cannot engage in "Quid pro quo" harassment with other employees, but an employer could potentially be liable for the behavior of these employees under a hostile work environment claim. The harassing employee's status as a supervisor is significant because if the individual is found to be a supervisor then the employing company can be held vicariously liable for the actions of that supervisor.
To establish a prima facie case of "Quid pro quo" harassment:. Once the plaintiff has established these three factors, the employer can not assert an affirmative defense such as the employer had a sexual harassment policy in place to prevent and properly respond to issues of sexual harassmentbut can only dispute whether the unwelcome conduct did not in fact take place, the employee was not a supervisor, and that there was no tangible employment action involved.
Difference Between hostile work environment claims and Quid pro quo harassment claims: Although these terms are popular among lawyers and scholars, neither hostile work environment nor "Quid pro quo" are found in Title VII of the Human Rights ofwhich prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of race, sex, color, national origin, and religion. Ellerth that these terms are useful in differentiating between cases where threats of harassment are "carried out and those where they are not or absent altogether," but otherwise these terms serve a limited purpose.
In the United Kingdom, the one-sidedness of a contract is covered by the Unfair Contract Terms Act and various revisions and amendments to it; Gopro 2 types of sexual harassment clause can be held void or the entire contract void if it is deemed unfair that is to say, one-sided and not a quid pro quo ; however this is a civil law and not a common law matter.
Political donors must be resident in the UK. This is overseen by the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards. There are also prohibitions on donations being given in the six weeks before the election for which it is being campaigned. The Latin phrase quid Gopro 2 types of sexual harassment quo originally implied that something had been substituted, as in this instead of that.
Early usage by English speakers followed the original Latin meaning, with Gopro 2 types of sexual harassment in the s where the term referred to either intentionally or unintentionally substituting one medicine from another. This may also have extended to a fraudulent substitution of useful medicines for an ingenuine article.
By the end of the same century, quid pro quo evolved into a more current use to describe equivalent exchanges. Inthe expression quid pro quo was used to generally refer to something done for personal gain or with the expectation of reciprocity in the text The Reign of King Charles: An History Disposed into Annallswith a somewhat positive connotation. It refers to the convenant with Christ as something "that prove not a nudum pactuma naked contract, without quid pro quo.
Quid pro quo would go on to be used, by English speakers in legal and diplomatic contexts, as an exchange of equally valued goods or services and continues to be today. The Latin phrase corresponding to the usage of quid pro quo in English is do ut des Latin for "I give, so that you may give".
Multiple definitions and examples of quid pro quo have been provided over time through many famous and infamous works of literature. A pun on the Latin expression quid pro quomeaning an equal exchange this for thatand the British word quidmeaning a pound sterling. Elsewhere since Bierce wrote different definitions depending on which newspaper he was working for he defined it:.
In politics, a visionary quo given in exchange for a substantial quid. The Urban Dictionary an online dictionary containing words used in today's society, primarily by Gopro 2 types of sexual harassment Z defines "quid pro quo" as "Latin — this for that. You give me what I want, I'll give you what you want. Within this chapter, Muller gives the Latin translation of "quid pro quo" this for that and provides various techniques to combat it.
Quid pro quo may sometimes be used to define a misunderstanding or blunder made by the substituting of one thing for another, particularly in the context of the transcribing of a text. In proofreading, an error made by the proofer to indicate to use the original is usually marked with the Latin word stet "let it stand"not with "QPQ".
In the Romance languagessuch as ItalianPortugueseSpanish and Frenchthe phrase quid pro quo is used with the original Latin meaning, referring to a misunderstanding or a mistake "to take one thing for another". The Vocabolario Treccani an authoritative dictionary published by the Encyclopaedia Treccaniunder the entry "qui pro quo", states that the latter expression probably derives from the Latin used in late medieval pharmaceutical compilations.
Some examples of what could be used in place of what in this list are: This list was an essential resource Gopro 2 types of sexual harassment the medieval apothecary, especially for occasions when certain essential medicinal substances were not available. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the meaning and use of the Latin term. For other uses, see Quid pro quo disambiguation.
United States Department of Labor. Retrieved 26 April City of Boca Raton". Cornell University Legal information Institute. Retrieved 27 April Cornell Legal Information Institute. VinsonU. What is quid pro quo harassment?