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Mandating vaccines for adults

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This site uses cookies small files stored on your computer to simplify and improve your experience of this website. Cookies are small text files stored on the device you are using to access this website. For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. Some parts of the site may not work properly if you choose not to accept cookies. To find relevant articles please visit here to pick a cluster. Cynthia Leifer, PhD, is an associate professor of immunology at Cornell University where she teaches immunology to university students, PhD students, and veterinary students.

Her lab studies inflammation and immune recognition and response to viruses, bacteria and parasites. Cynthia is Mandating vaccines for adults a regular contributor to CNN. We cannot allow freedom of choice to endanger the lives of whole populations, so governments need to step up efforts to enforce vaccinations. Vaccines are possibly the most important modern medical advance and have saved countless lives.

They have even led to complete eradication of smallpox infection. Yet in countries where vaccines are readily available, parents sometimes refuse to vaccinate their children. The measles outbreak in the United States, and the death of a German toddler from measles during an outbreak in Europe, have once again brought vaccination policies into the worldwide media spotlight.

A rich and varied debate has ensued among vaccine advocates, vaccine deniers, politicians and scientists. With little likelihood of consensus in Mandating vaccines for adults near future, governments across the world should consider mandatory vaccine policies in their respective countries, or at least implement changes to the current vaccine policies to reduce exemptions, thereby ensuring consistent coverage and stemming further disease outbreaks.

Adult mandates are going to...

Vaccination policies vary worldwide, from no requirement in Canada to compulsory vaccines for nine childhood diseases in Slovenia [1]. In the United States, vaccines and well child visits to physicians are covered by insurance or Medicaid and the Vaccines for Children programme, and all 50 states require children to have certain vaccines to attend public school.

However, the vaccines that are required vary by state. In the UK, there are no mandates, but routine vaccinations for eight childhood diseases are recommended and provided for free by the NHS. Similar to the United States, most schools in the UK require schoolchildren to receive certain vaccinations. Yet each country has a different combination of mandatory vaccines. For example, 13 EU countries require children to receive the polio vaccine, eight countries require the MMR vaccine, and in one country Latvia the human papillomavirus vaccine is mandatory.

Vaccination is not required in Australia, but instead a tax-free payment is made to parents when a child is vaccinated [1]. There will always be a small percentage of the population who should not be vaccinated: Maintaining high vaccination rates protects the entire population due to a concept known as community immunity also known as herd immunity.

However, there Mandating vaccines for adults a direct correlation between declining vaccine rates Mandating vaccines for adults increase in disease incidence [3][4][5].

Mandating vaccines for adults Parents need to wake up and realise that, if they continue to refuse vaccines, childhood Mandating vaccines for adults will come back with a vengeance. Vaccination rates have declined because more and more parents refuse vaccines for their children. Parents want to do what is best for their child and they believe they are making the right choice. However, many parents have been lulled into a state of false complacency.

They have not experienced or witnessed polio, measles, or other deadly and debilitating diseases, and they do not take the risk to their children seriously. The information parents use to justify vaccine refusal is often flawed and unscientific. The internet provides volumes of information, some of which is reliable, much of which is not.

Websites with legitimate sounding names disseminate false and distorted information. Vaccine opponents cite fraudulent studies that have been discredited and retracted, such as the infamous study that claimed a link between the MMR vaccine and autism [6]. Other opponents say that vaccine side effects are not worth the risk, not realising that complications from natural infection are much more common and serious.

With all this misinformation available at the click of a mouse, should we blame parents for being frightened of vaccines?

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In the United States, 48 states allow religious "Mandating vaccines for adults," usually with no requirement to prove association with a particular religion.

In addition, 20 states also allow personal belief exemptions with little oversight. We will never be able to stop infectious diseases from entering our borders. Global transportation can rapidly disseminate disease from one of the estimated 20 million people that contract Mandating vaccines for adults each year.

The single best protection we have is to vaccinate as many people as we can to build an immunological border.

The easiest way to build that immunological border is to tighten up vaccine policies. Mandatory vaccination is certainly a possibility. Despite conjuring up images of children being held down and vaccinated by force, in England and Wales passed a law mandating vaccination against smallpox.

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