I was standing by a famer’s field near Porter’s Lake when I saw this cloud making an appearance. En général, les valeurs possibles des attributs limitées aux types de données W3C forment un sous-ensemble des valeurs que l’on trouve dans la norme ISO Talent Search connects creatives across the globe with job opportunities from top brands and companies. The stamp element will typically appear when text from the source is being transcribed, for example within a rubric in the following case: A fifth gathering thought to have followed has left no trace. Module tei Utilisé par back bibl body change date div docImprint docTitle figure front group lg list msItem person text titlePage macro. The first of these components, msIdentifier , is mandatory; it is described in more detail in 1.

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Uppsala C , 35r. Note Si aucune valeur n’est fournie, c’est au programme d’application de décider éventuellement à partir d’une donnée entrée par l’utilisateur jusqu’où retracer une chaîne de pointeurs. Adobe also launched the public beta of a Creative SDK that powers the delivery of new third party mobile apps that connect to Creative Cloud. The following example shows the minimal required structure: Module tei Membres handNote handShift typeNote Attributs scribe donne un nom normalisé ou un autre identifiant pour le scribe reconnu comme responsable de cette main.

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We’ve just driven over Porter’s Pass and have now well and truly entered New Zealand’s painteroy Southern Alps, but it was a case of « So Close Yet So Far, for at this point, we now had to turn around – even though it was oh so tempting to keep driving into the heart of the mountains!

Thanks so much for visiting my Site, and thanks especially for taking the time and trouble to leave a Comment; it’s always nice to hear from you! Another dip back into the archives finds an image that was originally apck over 4 years ago but, with a fresh scan and reprocess, has come up more realistic regards colourings and grain.

The original upload has been deleted. In the distance a pair of English Electrics, andlanguish awaiting their next turn of duty. The old Scottish Region blue station signs are still in evidence – not yet replaced with the black on white background signs favoured by British Rail for 1.4.2 more contemporary corporate image. The Post Office and Porter’s trollies would still be seeing extensive use.

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Always good to see a snowplough fitted loco, and the yellow flash of paint they carry does wonders for the overall appearance I think.

Fountains Abbey is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England.

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It is located three miles south-west of Ripon in North Yorkshire, near to the village of Aldfield. After a dispute and riot in at the Benedictine house of St Mary’s Abbey, in York, 13 monks were expelled among them Saint Robert of Newminster and, after unsuccessfully attempting to return to the early 6th-century Rule of St Benedict, were taken into the protection of Thurstan, Archbishop of York.

He provided them with land in the valley of the River Skell, a tributary of the Ure. The enclosed valley had all the natural features needed for the creation of a monastery, providing shelter from the weather, stone and timber for building, and a supply of running water.

After enduring a harsh winter inthe monks applied to join the Cistercian order and in became the second house of that order in northern England, after Rievaulx. The monks subjected themselves to Clairvaux Abbey, in Burgundy which was under the rule of St Bernard. Under the guidance of Geoffrey of Ainai, a monk sent from Clairvaux, the group learned how to celebrate the seven Canonical Hours and were shown how to construct wooden buildings in accordance with Cistercian practice.

After Henry Murdac was elected to the abbacy inthe small stone church and timber claustral buildings were replaced. Within three years, an aisled nave had been added to the stone church, and the first permanent claustral buildings built in stone and roofed in tile had been completed.


In an angry mob, displeased with Murdac’s role in opposing the election of William FitzHerbert to the archbishopric of York, attacked the abbey and burnt down all but the church and some surrounding buildings. The community recovered swiftly from the painterpy and founded four daughter houses.

Henry Murdac resigned the abbacy in to become the Archbishop of York and was replaced first by Maurice, Abbot of Rievaulx then, on the resignation of Maurice, by Thorald. Thorald was forced by Henry Murdac to resign after two years in office. The next abbot, Richard, held the post until his death in and restored the abbey’s stability and prosperity. In 20 years as abbot, he supervised a huge building programme which involved completing repairs to the damaged church and building more accommodation for the increasing number of recruits.

Only the chapter house was completed before he died and the work was ably continued by his successor, Robert of Pipewell, under whose rule the abbey gained a reputation for caring for the needy. The next abbot was William who presided over the abbey from to and he was succeeded by Ralph Haget, who had entered Fountains at the age of 30 as a novice, after pursuing a military career. During the European famine ofHaget ordered the construction of shelters in the vicinity of the abbey and provided daily food rations to the poor enhancing the abbey’s reputation for caring for the poor and attracting more grants from wealthy benefactors.


In the first half of the 13th century Fountains increased in reputation and prosperity under the next three abbots, John of York —John of Hessle — and John of Kent — They were burdened with an inordinate amount of administrative duties and increasing demands for money in taxation and levies, but managed to complete another massive expansion of the abbey’s buildings.

This included enlarging the church and building an infirmary. In the second half of the 13th century the abbey was in more straitened circumstances. It was presided over by eleven abbots, and became financially unstable largely due to forward selling its wool crop, and the abbey was criticised for its dire material and physical state when it was visited by Archbishop John Romeyn in The run of disasters that befell the community continued into the early 14th century when northern England was invaded by the Scots and there were further demands for taxes.

The culmination of these misfortunes was the Black Death of — The loss of manpower and income due to the ravages of the plague was almost ruinous. A further complication arose as a result of the Papal Schism of — Fountains Abbey along with other English Cistercian houses was told to break off any contact with the mother house of Citeaux, which supported a rival pope. This resulted in the abbots forming their own chapter to rule the order in England and consequently they became increasingly involved in internecine politics.

Infollowing the death of Abbott Burley of Fountains, the community was riven by several years of turmoil over the election of his successor. Contending candidates John Ripon, Abbot of Meaux, and Roger Frank, a monk of Fountains were locked in discord until when Ripon was finally appointed and presided until his death in Under abbots John Greenwell —Thomas Swinton —8John Darnton —95who undertook some much needed restoration of the fabric of the abbey including notable work on the church, and Marmaduke Huby — Fountains regained stability and prosperity.

When Marmaduke Huby died he was succeeded by William Thirsk who was accused by the royal commissioners of immorality and inadequacy and dismissed from the abbacy and replaced by Marmaduke Bradley, a monk of the abbey who had reported Thirsk’s supposed offences, testified against him and offered the authorities six hundred marks for the abbacy.

The abbey precinct covered 70 acres surrounded by an 11foot wall built in the 13th century, some parts of which are still visible to the south and west of the abbey. The area consists of three concentric zones cut by the River Skell flowing from west to east across the site.

The church and claustral buildings stand at the centre of the precinct north of the Skell, the inner court containing the domestic buildings stretches down to the river and the outer court housing the industrial and agricultural buildings lies on the river’s south bank.

The early abbey buildings were added to and altered over time, causing deviations from the strict Cistercian type. Outside the walls were the abbey’s granges. The original abbey church was built of wood and « was probably » two-stories high; it was, however, quickly replaced in stone. The church was damaged in the attack on the abbey in and was rebuilt, in a larger scale, on the same site. Building work was completed c. This structure, completed aroundwas foot long and had 11 bays in the side aisles.

A lantern tower was added at the crossing of the church in the late 12th century. The presbytery at the eastern end of the church was much altered in the 13th century. The church’s greatly lengthened choir, commenced by Abbot John of York, —11, and carried on by his successor terminates, like that of Durham Cathedral, in an eastern transept, the work of Abbot John of Kent, — The foot 49 m tall tower, which was added not long before the dissolution, by Abbot Huby, —, is in an unusual position at the northern end of the north transept and bears Huby’s motto ‘Soli Deo Honor et Gloria’.

The sacristry adjoined the south transept. The cloister, which had arcading of black marble from Nidderdale and white sandstone, is in the centre of the precinct and to the south of the church. The three-aisled chapter-house and parlour open from the eastern walk of the cloister and the refectory, with the kitchen and buttery attached, are at right angles to its southern walk.

Parallel with the western walk is an immense vaulted substructure serving as cellars and store-rooms, which supported the dormitory of the conversi lay brothers above. This building extended across the river and, at its south-west corner, were the latrines, which were built above the swiftly flowing stream. The monks’ dormitory was in its usual position above the chapter-house, to the south of the transept. Peculiarities of this arrangement include the position of the kitchen, between the refectory and calefactory, and of the infirmary above the river to the west, adjoining the guest-houses.


The abbot’s house, one of the largest in all of England, is located to the east of the latrine block, where portions of it are suspended on arches over the River Skell.

It was built in the mid-twelfth-century as a modest single-storey structure, then, from the fourteenth-century, underwent extensive expansion and remodelling to end up in the 16th century as a grand dwelling with fine bay windows and grand fireplaces.

The great hall was an expansive room by 69 feet. Among other apartments were a domestic oratory or chapel, 46 by 23 feet and a kitchen, 50 by 38 feet. The Battle of Bannockburn in was a factor that led to a downturn in the prosperity of the abbey in the early fourteenth century.

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Areas of the north of England as far south as York were looted by the Scots. Then the number of lay-brothers being recruited to the order reduced considerably. The abbey chose to take advantage of the relaxation of the edict on leasing property that had been enacted by the General Chapter pacl the order in and leased some of their properties. Others were staffed by hired labour and remained in hand under the supervision of bailiffs.

Gresham sold some of the fabric of the site, stone, timber, lead, as building materials to help to defray the cost of purchase. The site was acquired in by Sir Stephen Proctor, who used stone from the monastic complex to build Fountains Hall. Between and the estate was owned by the Messenger family who sold it to William Aislaby, who was responsible for combining it with the Studley Royal Estate.

The archaeological excavation of the site was 14.2 under the supervision of John Richard Walbran, a Ripon antiquary who, inhad published a paper on the Necessity of clearing out the Conventual Church of Fountains.

In pck Abbey was placed in the guardianship of the Department of the Environment and the estate was purchased by the West Riding County Council who transferred ownership to the North Yorkshire County Council in It is currently owned by the National Trust and maintained by English Heritage.

The Porter’s Lodge, which was once the gatehouse to the abbey, houses paiterly modern exhibition area with displays about the history of Fountains Abbey and how the monks lived. They are called inky caps because as they mature their gills liquefy leaving a inky-goo which can be used for writing. Porter’s Creek Trail is 1.44.2 of our favorite trails in the park as it still oainterly remnants of majestic old growth forest.

Park Güell is a garden complex with architectural elements situated painteerly the hill of El Carmel in the Gràcia. It was designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí and built in the years to It has an extension of The park was originally part of a commercially painterlyy housing site, the idea of Count Eusebi Güell, after whom the park was 11.4.2. It was inspired by the English garden city movement. The intention was to exploit the fresh air well away from smoky factories and beautiful views from the site, with sixty triangular lots being provided for luxury houses.

Ultimately, only two houses were built, neither designed by Gaudí. One was intended to be a show house, but on being completed in was put up for sale, and as no buyers came forward, Gaudí, at Güell’s suggestion, bought it with his savings and moved in with his family and his father. Gaudí lived in this house from to Saturday morning paintterly Christchurch and we set off to visit our friend in Darfield near the foot of Painterlj Zealand’s towering Southern Alps.

But first, we planned to visit Springfield some 20 miles closer to those mountainshave a something to eat in the station’s cafe, and then drive up to and over Porter’s Pass Fountains Abbey is approximately three miles south west of Ripon in North Yorkshire, England near to the village of Aldfield.

It is one of the 1.42 and 1.42 preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. After a dispute and riot in at the Benedictine house, St Mary’s Abbey, in York, 13 monks were expelled and, after unsuccessfully attempting to return to the early 6th-century Rule of St Benedict, were taken into the protection of Thurstan, Archbishop of York. During the European famine of Haget ordered the construction of shelters in the vicinity of the abbey and provided daily food rations to the poor enhancing the abbey’s reputation for caring for the poor and paunterly more grants from wealthy benefactors.

They were burdened with an inordinate amount of administrative duties and increasing demands for money in taxation and levies but managed to complete another massive expansion of the abbey’s buildings. Fountains Abbey along with other English Cistertion houses was told to break off any contact with the mother house of Citeaux, which supported a rival pope.

The abbey precinct covered 70 acres 28 ha surrounded by an foot 3. Construction began in when a two-storey wooden church was built under the oversight of Geoffrey of Clairvaux.